Knowing The Medieval Age - Ts Read

Tuesday, 22 August 2017

Knowing The Medieval Age


Archaeologist is the study of material remains of the past. An archaeologist studies objects, e.g., artefacts, buildings, bones, etc. therefore, Archaeologist can tell about civilisations and cultures that existed before written records were kept.

Archaeological site 

It is the place where excavation is done by an archaeologist to unearth us to dig the old mounds in a systematic manner and to form an idea of a material life of the people is known as archaeology.


He is a person who prepares an account of the past events on the basis of archaeological and literary evidence. Not all historians witness the events they write about. Those do are primarily chroniclers - recorders of events - who keep a diary of their observations and interpretations of the times they live through.


It is a building or a pillar or a statue, etc., surviving from a past age. Historians study them carefully and come to know the past. The people who lived in medieval India left innumerable material remains of their history and culture. The stone temples, forts - mosques, tombs, etc. which still stand, serve to remind us of the great sculpture activities and socio-political events of the past.


The art of Indian painting reached a climax during the Mughal period, especially miniature painting. Mughal emperor Jahangir was himself a connoisseur of this art.

Pillar Inscriptions 

Inscriptions were carved on stone pillars, rocks, copper plates and wall of temples and tombs. The study of the inscription is called epigraphy. The study of inscription is called epigraphy . The earliest inscriptions in India were recorded on stone in Prakit Language.


Qutab-ud-din Aibak built the initial portion of the world - famous tapering minaret of red sandstone known as the Qutab Minar. Its construction was completed by Illtutmish. It was designed on the pattern of Iranian minarets with round and triangular spurs connected by balconies.

Literary Sources 

Although Indians knew writing as early as 2500 B.C., most of the medieval books are on socio - religious themes. They throw welcome light on society, culture and political conditions of medieval times. Jahangir wrote his own autobiography Tuzuk-i-Jahangir in Persian.

Foreign Accounts 

Indigenous literature can be supplemented by foreign accounts, To India came the Arabs, the Persians, the Egyptians and the Portuguese visitors, either as travellers, traders or envoys. They left behind interesting accounts of social, economic and political conditions that they saw.


The study of coins is called numismatics. Medieval Indian currency was not issued in the form of paper. Medieval coins were made of metal - copper, silver, gold coins of various Sultans and Mughals emperors are useful sources of information regarding their rule.